Jati - Tonal Classification
The number of notes in ascending or descending movements of a Raga
is called its Jati. There are three basic Jatis: 1.
Sampooran -containing seven notes, 2. Shaudava - containing
six notes, and 3. Audava - containing five notes. Since a Raga
may have any combination of ascending and descending notes six more
Jatis making a total of 9 Jatis are computed as follows
1. Sampooran / Sampooran: Ragas in this classification will
have all the seven notes in the ascending as well as descending movements.
2. Sampooran / Shaudava: Ragas in this Jati will have
seven notes while ascending and six notes while descending.
3. Sampooran / Audava: Ragas in this category will have seven
notes while ascending and only five notes while descending.
4. Shaudava / Sampooran: Six note ascending and seven descending.
5. Shaudava / Shaudava: Six notes ascending six descending.
6. Shaudava / Audava: Six ascending and five descending.
7. Audava / Sampooran: Five ascending and seven descending.
8. Audava / Audava: Five ascending and five descending.
9. Audava / Shaudava: Five ascending and six descending.
To explain the above further, here are two examples of Jati classifications:
Raga Khammaj: The Jati of this Raga is Shaudava
/ Sampooran. In its ascending movement (Arohi) there are
only six notes:
Sa Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa(u)
and its descending movement (Avarohi) is Sampooran (heptatonic):
Sa Ni(b) Dha Pa Ma Ga Re Sa
Raga Asavari: The Jati of this Raga is Audava
/ Sampooran. It has five notes in the ascending movement thus:
Sa Re Ma Pa Dha(b) Sa(u)
and seven notes while descending:
Sa(u) Ni(b) Dha(b) Pa Ma Ga(b) Re Sa
To order a copy of the Ragopedia book please click here
copyright ©1995, 1996, 1997 Batish Institute. All rights reserved. Intended For Personal Use Only. No part of the information here may
be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic
or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information
and storage retrieval system, without specific written permission
from the Batish family.